Youth Olympic Games (YOG)
The Youth Olympic Games (YOG) are an elite sporting event for young people from all over the world. The games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events consistent with the current Olympic Games. It includes a series of educational activities with three areas of focus: protecting the athletes, working on performance, and assisting the athletes outside sport. It includes exciting new sports, disciplines and formats, such as breaking, sport climbing, 3-x-3 basketball, 3-x-3 ice hockey and mixed gender and mixed National Olympic Committee (NOC) events.
The age limitation of the athletes is 14 to 18. These Games will also feature cultural exchange programs and opportunities for participants to meet Olympic athletes. The idea of such an event was introduced by Johann Rosenzopf from Austria in 1998.
On 6 July 2007, International Olympic Committee (IOC) members at the 119th IOC session in Guatemala City approved the creation of a youth version of the Olympic Games, with the intention of sharing the costs of hosting the event between the IOC and the host city, whereas the travelling costs of athletes and coaches were to be paid by the IOC.
The 2020 Winter Youth Olympic Games is officially known as the III Winter Youth Olympic Games, and commonly known as Lausanne 2020 will be the third edition of the Winter Youth Olympics; a major international multi-sport event and cultural festival for teenagers to be held in Lausanne, Switzerland, the home of the International Olympic Committee between 9 and 22 January 2020.